The Akhmenu was a large, rectangular temple located in the eastern part of Karnak, just outside of the original early 18th Dynasty temple complex. Entrance to the building was gained through a main door in the temple’s southwest corner, as well as through a door (only recently discovered) in the center of the building’s west wall. The southwest entrance led to a line of nine small chambers to the south and to a short vestibule on the north. A small room north of the entrance corridor, known as the “hall of ancestors,” was the location of a type of king list; sixty-one kings, the royal ancestors of Thutmose III, were depicted seated and receiving offerings from the king. The earliest preserved king names listed refer to 4th Dynasty rulers of Egypt.

The temple’s main pillared hall (the heret-ib) was covered with a beautifully painted blue ceiling with yellow stars. The roof was supported by two rows of uniquely shaped columns representing the poles of a portable tent. At the north of the hall stood three chapels decorated with relief scenes of cult rituals and processions, including the procession of royal statues (the wehem-ankh). Inside the largest of these shrines stood a quartzite triad of Thutmose III with the gods Amun and Mut.

The southeast sector of the building, dedicated to the god Sokar, consisted of a suite of rooms leading onto a hall with eight fluted columns. The block of rooms just north of the Sokar suite were dedicated to the ithyphallic form of the god Amun and to the king himself.

Depictions of exotic flora and fauna sighted by the king on his military campaign are inscribed onto the walls of the famous “botanical room,” located in the temple’s northeast section. The “botanical room,” fittingly adorned by four papyrus columns, led into the Akhmenu’s main sanctuary. Eight niches lined the sides of the sanctuary’s walls; each originally held a statue, possibly of the Theban Ennead. A larger niche in the rear was left for the placement of the naos.

A stairway accessed from the northeast corner of the pillared hall led up to a solar shrine on the roof of the temple. A Heliopolitan-type solar altar, shaped like a series of hetep symbols, stood within this solar sanctuary.

It is possible that the building overlaid an earlier temple on the same location dated to the reign of Hatshepsut or to the co-regency of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III.

Measurements: The building is 40m deep by 77.5m wide. The main pillared hall spans 40m.

Phases of Construction

Thutmose III

Thutmose III began construction on the Akhmenu in the 23rd year of his reign and it was completed 7 years later. Inscriptions in the “botanical room” record that decoration of the temple began 2 years after initial construction. The large pillared hall commemorates the jubilee of Thutmose III, likely celebrated in his year 30.

Texts within the hall describe the building as a “mansion of millions of years,” a type of building that in part was dedicated to the cult of the divine king. Many of the mortuary temples on Thebes’ west bank were given this same title. The temple appears to have served as a locus of cult for worship of the king’s royal ancestors, the divine king Thutmose III, the god Amun (unified with the king), as well as solar and underworld deities.

Later changes to the Akhmenu were minimal. The upper solar shrine was altered and decorated in the Ramesside period. A new stairway may have been added at this time as well. Decoration in the rooms dedicated to the king and the ithyphallic Amun was altered during the reign of Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE.

Construction materials: sandstone

About the reconstruction model of Thutmose III


Beaux, Nathalie. (1993),L’architecture des niches du sanctuaire d’Amon dans le temple de l’Akh-menou à Karnak. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. IX , 101-107.

Pécoil, Jean-François. (2000),L’Akh-menou de Thoutmosis III à Karnak : la Heret-ib et les chapelles attenantes : relevés épigraphiques. Paris: Editions Recherche sur les civilisations, 32, 122 de pl..

Carlotti, Jean-François. (2001),L’Akh-menou de Thoutmosis III à Karnak : etude architecturale. Paris: Recherche sur les civilisations

Carlotti, Jean-François. (1995),Contribution à l’ étude métrologique de quelques monuments du temple d’Amon-Rê à Karnak. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. X , 65-127.

tek male enhancement pills 2022 tek vxl ed pills report 2022 1 male enhancement pills ron jeremys top rated penis pills shark tank products male enhancement pills erection pills over the counter pills that work best erection pills in the market sex pills at gas stations what pills can i take for an erection penis enlargement medicine pennsylvania erectile dysfunction pills shoppers drug mart male enhancement pills and sperm dr oz and erectile dysfunction pills male enhancement pills whole foods how to make your penis bigger quickly how to natirale make your dick bigger how to increase penis size and stamina male enhancement pills cheap worlds best penis enhancement pills best sex enhancement pills for males mnf penis pills pills to make penis work how to get my penis 8 inches without pills affilate marketing penis pills

contriversial weight loss pills zi xiu tang weight loss pills weight loss pills king soopers does weight loss slow down on keto does one shot keto pills work weight loss keto and intermittent fasting shark tanks keto diet pills wiki diet pills how much do keto diet pills cost weight loss sweat pills what type of keto diet pills does cvs have exercise to lose your belly fat top 10 over the counter diet pills what is the best weight loss supplements top diet pills reviews active pk pills for weight loss reviews keto macro percentages for weight loss cumin pills and yogurt for weight loss diet plan to lose weight fast maxwell keto pills review best daily diet to lose weight fast keto crush pills foods rich in fiber to lose belly fat fastest fat burning diet pills

jolly cbd gummies smilz cbd gummies for tinnitus cbd farmhouse delta 8 gummies review royal cbd gummies legal in texas buy 10mg cbd gummies how to make cbd gummies with hemp oil high cbd low thc gummies for anxiety eagle hemp cbd gummies amazon how much cbd gummies to take for sleep traveling internationally with cbd gummies show me the highest quality cbd oil gummies cbd gummies dm cbd gummies madison wi cbd gummies for blood pressure sunday cure cbd gummies can truck drivers have cbd gummy bears cbd gummies canada legal fun drops cbd gummies website jolly cbd gummies rachel ray organic natural products cbd gummies cbd gummy bears amazon cc co cbd gummies cbd gummy dose limits maxwell cbd gummies