White Chapel

Related Features

Originally built by Senusret I – 1971 BCE to 1926 BCE

Other works initiated by Senusret I:

Middle Kingdom Court, White Chapel, Enclosures and Gates

Introduction

The white chapel was a small limestone bark shrine built by one of the earliest known kings to add to the temple of Amun-Ra at Karnak. The shrine has four interior pillars surrounded by a peristyle of twelve pillars. Its decoration records the jubilee (heb-sed) festival of Senusret I in raised relief. Some traces of yellow paint still exist on the structure’s cornices; red, blue, and white paint traces can be found on the columns and hieroglyphs. The sunk relief scenes on the east and west sides of the chapel’s base depict personifications of the Nile, lakes and other chapels. The north and south sides of the base record the nomes (the regional areas of ancient Egypt) and their measurements. Now located in the Open Air Museum at Karnak, scholars debate where the temple once stood in Antiquity. During the Middle Kingdom, the shrine may have remained outside the temple’s inner enclosure wall. The building was oriented on a North-South direction, with a stepped ramp on each side.

Measurements: The columns all measure 2.6m height and are 0.6m across and 0.6m deep. The platform on which the columns rest is 1.2m high and almost square at 6.8m by 6.5m.

Phases of Construction

Senusret I

The white chapel may originally have functioned as a festival kiosk where the king could sit on a double thrown. Holes in the floor between the four central columns indicate the use of poles to hang banners hiding the king from the public eyes. One scholar has suggested that after the end of the jubilee festival, statues of the king were placed in the kiosk to sit on the double throne.

During the reign of 12th Dynasty kings Amenemhat III or Amenemhat IV, the white chapel was converted into a bark shrine. The altar within the chapel today (not shown on the model) is of rose granite and probably dates to this time. Despite the change in function, the shrine probably remained in its original location, later subsumed within the festival hall of Thutmose II.

Construction materials: limestone

About the reconstruction model of Senusret I

The model of the white chapel was based on the plan and axial drawings of Carlotti (1995: pls. IX-X).

The white chapel was systematically photographed in the Open Air Museum so that each face of the building could be reconstructed on the model as it appears today at Karnak. A blank limestone pattern was added to the areas that could not be photographed. The layout of the reliefs and texts on the model reflects the actual layout of the stones in the white chapel today.

Destruction: Amenhotep III

The king dismantled the white chapel during his renovation of the area around the festival hall of Thutmose II and used it as fill in his newly constructed Pylon III.

Documentation

Lacau, Pierre and Henri Chevrier. (1956),Une chapelle de Sésostris Ier à Karnak. Le Caire: Institut français d’archéologie orientale du Caire

Strauss-Seeber, Christine. Gundlach, Rolf (1994),Bildprogramm und Funktion der Weissen Kapelle in Karnak. Ägyptische Tempel– Struktur, Funktion und Programm : Akten der Ägyptologischen Tempeltagungen in Gosen 1990 und in Mainz 1992. Hildesheim: Gerstenberg, 37, 287-318.

Carlotti, Jean-François. (1995),Contribution à l’ étude métrologique de quelques monuments du temple d’Amon-Rê à Karnak. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. X , 65-127.

can you take weight loss pills with pre workout key to weight loss weight loss pills for womens health zeal weight loss pills weight loss cholesterol pills how to lose belly fat after surgery weight loss pills tru vision testosterone weight loss pills dr juan keto pills the real way to lose weight fast keto diet pills in stores will birth control pills impact keto wieght loss top 10 keto pills reviews on life choice keto pills are keto diet pills legitimate healthy diet pills for women consumer reviews on diet pills weight loss pills actually work top effective diet pills collagen weight loss 1 week on keto and no weight loss system 21 weight loss keto stages of weight loss jadera weight loss pills reviews what pills make you lose weight fast optiva weight loss prescription drugs with weight loss side effects keto pills success stories easiest ways to lose lower belly fat free samples of alli diet pills

male enhancement pills near me pills that give you an instant erection pills that really work on male enhancement how to last longer having sex raw best male enhancement pills fo sex marathon man male enhancement pills herbal male enhancement pills images blacks male enhancement pills sex pills you can buy at walmart ed pills not working after prostatectomy how to matualy last longer in bed how to increase penis size with hands how to last longer during sex hard penis pills how to make myself last longer in the bedroom how to make your penis bigger instantly erection pills for trans asmara sexual enhancement pills pills to help get erection with pd how to last longer in bed if your a virgin best long lasting male erection pills naturally hugh male enhancement pills blood pressure pills that cause ed penis after growth pills what drugstore sells ed pills ed pills pfizer treat ed without pills house md man penis pills sweats on kids how to make your dick bigger in webcam do you need to have presuipt for ed pills

kirk cameron cbd gummies green ape cbd gummies 750mg cbd gummies depression what effect do cbd gummies have on the body how much do green lobster cbd gummies cost will cbd gummies make you high are cbd gummies legal in md cbd gummies legal in new york who owns green health cbd gummies best time to east cbd gummies cbd gummies best price cbd gummies for sale in greenville sc cbd smoking cessation gummies sub s idy cbd gummies wedding cake cbd gummies healthy matters cbd gummies prices purple cbd gummies hemo bombs cbd gummies cost cbd living sour gummies why take cbd gummies royal cbd gummies vegan how long till cbd gummies kick in cbd gummies for fre email gummies with infused thc and cbd oil cbd gummies from shark tank to quit smoking 50 mg cbd oil gummy bears cbd gummies for autistic child royal cbd gummies texas cbd gummy bears 100mg cbd hemptrance cbd gummies