Originally built by Ptolemy IV – 221 BCE to 205 BCE
Other works initiated by Ptolemy IV:Osiris Catacombs
The “Osiris catacombs” were located to the northeast of the core Amun-Ra temple, in an area dedicated to the god Osiris. It would have originally been at least partly subterranean. The rectangular baked mud brick structure consisted of a short north/south hallway on its eastern side that provided access to three galleries running off to the west. The galleries were lined with a series of small niches, each originally closed off with clay plaques (remains of which were found within the building during excavations). The brick walls were plastered over and painted, and a few thousand fragments with the name of Ptolemy IV, images of the resurrection of Osiris and the running of the Apis bull provide information on the themes of its decoration.
Measurements: The catacombs measured 25m by 14.5m. Each niche was approximately 30cm high and 90cm deep.
Phases of Construction
The building was dedicated to the god of the underworld, Osiris. The building functioned as a “hypogeum,” an underground burial place. Many of these are known from ancient Egypt, although typically these spaces contained burials for sacred animals. The Karnak example instead served for the burial of small statuettes of Osiris.
Construction materials: fired mud brick
About the reconstruction model of Ptolemy IV
The model was based on the plans and axial drawings of Coulon (1995: pl. III, IV, VII, VIII).
The building was given a plain mud brick pattern, colored slightly redder than the other bricks on the model, as ancient baked mud brick has a reddish hue. Because the area of the catacombs is off limits to visitors to Karnak, the size of the brick patterning included on the model had to be based on the reconstruction drawings of the building, and not on photographs.
Larché, François. (2003),Karnak, 1994-1997. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. XI , 7-64.
Coulon, Laurent, François Leclére, and Sylvie Marchand. (1995),‘Catacombs’ Osiriennes de Ptolémée IV à Karnak. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. X , 205-257.
Leclére, François. (1996),A cemetery of Osirid figurines at Karnak. Egyptian archaeology. vol. 9 , 9-12.
Leclére, François. (2002),Fouilles dans le cimetière osirien de Karnak – travaux récents. Bulletin de la société d’égyptologie. vol. 153 , 24-44.
Leclere, François and Laurent Coulon. Eyre, Christopher (1998),La nécropole osirienne de la “Grande Place” à Karnak : fouilles dans le secteur nord-est du temple d’Amon. Proceedings of the Seventh International Congress of Egyptologists, Cambridge, 3-9 September 1995. Leuven: Peeters, 649-659.
regen cbd gummy keoni cbd gummy cubes reviews the vitamin shoppe male enhancement pills extra firm male enhancement pills prescribed male enhancement pills pelican gummies male enhancement best sex gummies exhale wellness gummies for pain gorilla male enhancement pill top all natural male enhancement pills testmax male enhancement pills dr juan rivera cbd gummies prime cbd gummies male enhancement reviews best pills for enlargement penis penis male enhancement pills male enhancement pills wholesaler benefits of beet root gummies keoni cbd gummies phone number penis enlargment pills review gummies that are better than viagra shark tank gummies for smoking high peaks cbd gummies for ed
10 pack cbd full spectrum gummies best broad spectrum cbd gummies 2024 how does taking cbd gummies make you feel 180 mg cbd gummies nu spectrum cbd gummies male enhancement cbd gummy reactions botanical gardens cbd gummies phone number what are cbd oil gummies good for cbd gummies with or without food do cbd gummies have drugs in them reviews super cbd gummies can you mix methadone with cbd gummies 30mg cbd gummies reddit cbd gummies kats botanicals on amaz lunchbox cbd gummies sleep charlottes web cbd thc levels gummies divinity labs cbd gummies ingredients 100 mg thc free cbd gummies smilz cbd gummies customer service can cbd gummies cure tinnitus cbd gummies dosing cbd male gummies gummies cbd fx eaz pure premium hemp cbd gummies hons cbd gummies cbd gummies aka what side effects do cbd gummies have when to eat cbd gummies hawaiian health cbd gummies review push cbd gummies reviews where to get cbd gummies to stop smoking yuppie cbd gummies shark tank
is there sugar in apple cider vinegar gummies max keto gummies ingredients where to buy kickin keto gummies cancel true form keto gummies keto gummies kwazi best gummy apple cider vinegar keto super slim gummies reviews what are the ingredients in keto blast gummies weight loss thc gummies best vitamins weight loss gummies how many keto gummies a day to lose weight when to have apple cider vinegar gummies weight watchers power keto gummies where to buy keto acv luxe gummies keto gummies luke combs review weight loss gummies keto gummies del doctor juan rivera kiss my keto gummies reviews lifetime keto acv gummies where to buy keto gummies doctor reviews truly keto gummies shark tank do slim dna keto gummies work apple cider vinegar pills vs gummies reviews on slimming gummies