Opet Temple

Related Features

Originally built by Nectanebo I – 380 BCE to 362 BCE

Modified by Ptolemy III – 246 BCE to 221 BCE

Other works initiated by Nectanebo I:

1st Pylon, Contra Temple, Opet Temple, Shoshenq I Court, Enclosures and Gates, Bab el Amara Gate, Other Processional Ways

Other works initiated by Ptolemy III:

Bab el Amara Gate, Opet Temple


The Opet temple is located in the southwest of the Amun precinct, just west of the Khonsu temple. A gateway on the southwest side of the Nectanebo I temple enclosure wall gives direct access to the temple. A small pylon and columned porch (not shown on the model) front the temple on its west side. Within the court stands a columned kiosk (also not shown on the model). A ramp provides access into the temple (raised on a platform) from the court. The visitor first enters a small hypostyle hall with two Hathor-headed columns. This hall leads to the main sanctuary, a square room with a niche for the divine statue. A number of crypts ran down from the temple into its platform, including a “tomb of Osiris” and a “birth chamber.” On the temple’s rear exterior (eastern) wall, a small shrine for the cult statue of Osiris could be accessed from outside. This shrine was located directly across from a door in the Khonsu Temple, suggesting a close link between the temples.
Measurements: The building sat on a podium of 19.6m by 22.7m. The podium extended 1.9m high.

Phases of Construction

Nectanebo I

The chronology of the Khonsu temple remains unclear. The temple’s architecture is currently being studied by the CFEETK and their work may greatly clarify the phases of construction.

The earliest part of the building seems to date to Taharqo, who added a porch of columns (not shown on the model) and possibly a small pylon. This construction implies an earlier temple to the goddess Opet stood in this location before the 25th Dynasty. Most scholars believe this temple to the goddess Opet existed in the mid-18th Dynasty.

Nectanebo pierced his massive mud brick enclosure wall with a sandstone gate leading directly into the temple. He may have begun construction on the temple proper.

Ptolemy III

Ptolemy III must have made additions to the temple, as the crypt representing the “tomb of Osiris” is inscribed by that king.

Construction materials: stone

About the reconstruction model of Ptolemy III

The reconstruction of the temple was based on the plan and axial drawings by Arnold (1999: fig. 110) and an axial drawing of the temple’s east side by Wilkinson (2000: 68).

Because the chronology of the temple’s phases of construction are not well understood, the entire temple on the model appears during the reign of Ptolemy III. This simplification was chosen in order to prevent misleading the viewer by providing levels of detail that are inaccurate. It should be stressed that the contribution of Nectanebo and Ptolemy III to the temple is still unclear. Once new research on the temple is made available, the model will need to be changed to reflect the new chronological understanding.

A number of parts of the building, including the columned porch, kiosk and a small pylon were not placed on the model due to lack in available information on the appearance of these features.

The model was given a simple stone pattern that reflects the size of the blocks used in the temple’s construction. The Hathor columns in the temple’s hypostyle were not modeled, as neither detailed drawings or photographs of the columns were available

Ptolemy VIII

Although Ptolemy II and Ptolemy III both added their names to the temple’s relief decoration, the Opet temple remained unfinished until the reign of Ptolemy VIII. Most of the building’s interior decoration dates to this king, although the exterior decoration was accomplished under the later Roman emperor Augustus Caesar.

The building’s proximity and connection to the Khonsu temple suggests a cultic link between the two temples. In one Egyptian myth, the god Amun dies as Osiris, only to be reborn through the mother-goddess Opet. In a close parallel, Khonsu, the child of Amun-Ra, was seen as the newly reborn sun god.

About the reconstruction model of Ptolemy VIII

Because the actual additions of Ptolemy VIII are unknown, the model of the Opet temple does not change from that of Ptolemy III (see explanation above).

Modern Site Photos


Azim, Michel. (1987),À propos du pylône du temple d’Opet à Karnak. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. VIII , 51-80.

Golvin, Jean-Claude and Jean Claude Goyon. (1987),Les bâtisseurs de Karnak. Paris: Presses du CNRS

Arnold, Dieter. (1999),Temples of the last pharaohs. New York: Oxford University Press

Wilkinson, Richard . (2000),The complete temples of ancient Egypt. New York: Thames & Hudson

keto 3ds gummies best gummies for weight loss kettlebell swings weight loss gummies casey hampton weight loss gummies accutane weight loss gummies keto health gummies keto gummies walmart price natures truth apple cider vinegar with mother gummies biote pellets weight loss gummies lori greiner keto gummies al weezy weight loss gummies vista keto acv gummies safe military diet weight loss gummies keto gummies you take at night keto crave keto gummies maximum keto gummies review cellucor super hd weight loss dietary supplement weight loss supplement shark tank ketovia extra acv keto gummies is bio lyfe keto gummies a scam slim dna keto acv gummies scam digestive enzymes supplements help with weight loss hypnotherapy weight loss gummies anavar weight loss gummies what brand keto gummies were on shark tank does oprah winfrey have a weight loss gummy

does acv gummies help you lose weight where can you get k3 spark mineral does vibez keto gummies really work x cut weight loss supplement best cinnamon supplement for weight loss natural weight loss and energy supplements prostate cancer weight loss gummies do keto one gummies really work best cinnamon supplements for weight loss ben napier keto gummies keto gummies really work boost apple cider vinegar gummies breakfast meal prep weight loss gummies orange theory weight loss gummies orphic nutrition apple cider vinegar gummies weight loss supplements isagenixisagenix keto super slim gummies release weight loss supplement pure green coffee bean extract weight loss supplements keto diet macros weight loss gummies keto gummies that kelly clarkson endorsed alex rodriguez weight loss gummies kfc keto gummies plix gummies for weight loss coenzyme q10 supplement weight loss green tea extract supplement with egcg for weight loss reviews of biopure keto gummies is apple cider vinegar gummy bears good for you best menopause supplements for weight loss akc keto gummies brooke walker weight loss gummies what is a good supplement for proven weight loss garden of life mykind organics apple cider vinegar gummies stores advanced keto gummies weight loss gummies for sale weight loss shredding supplements active keto gummies avis tim mcgee ncis weight loss gummies can vitafusion womens gummies use as a weight loss supplement tezspire weight loss gummies

charles stanley cbd gummies snopes what is best cbd gummies power cbd gummies phone number platinum cbd gummies 1000mg reviews what are the effects of cbd gummies do cbd gummies work for erection ocho delta 8 gummies clean cbd oil gummies liberty cbd gummies penis enlargement what is the average cost of cbd gummies custom made cbd organic gummies 100mg thc gummies for sexual arousal rejuvenate cbd gummies where to buy sky wellness cbd gummies reviews healthergize cbd gummies review essentia releaf cbd gummies reviews delta 8 gummy sale cbd gummies and high blood pressure 25mg cbd gummies for anxiety 300mg delta 9 gummies how long before cbd gummies wear off ignite cbd gummies reviews x1600 cbd gummies cbd with thc gummies for sale spectrum cbd gummies diabetes new leaf cbd gummies cbd gummies rock hill sc 30 pack of cbd gummies trident cbd gummies ingredients vibez cbd gummies para que sirve donde comprar blue vibe cbd gummies are cbd gummies any good mayo clinic cbd gummies for hair growth alex trebek and cbd gummies kushy cbd gummies review cbd gummies p dr oz cbd gummies full body do cbd gummies interfere with any medications

cbd smile gummies paxlovid and cbd gummies 400mg cbd gummies uk hempbombz cbd gummies does cbd gummies help with quitting smoking cbd gummies colorado company thc gummies mood smilz cbd gummies free trial can cbd gummies help dementia best thc gummy for nerve pain who makes the best cbd gummies gron cbd gummies do thc gummies lose their potency best cbd sleep gummies uk cannaleafz cbd gummies canada cbd gummies that make you feel high green vibe cbd gummies for sale cbd vs hemp oil gummies do thc gummies lower your blood pressure melee delta 9 gummies cbd gummies without aspartame what are the best delta 9 gummies gold bee cbd gummies review bigger vita cbd gummies prime cbd gummies tinnitus shark tank cbd gummies blood pressure supreme cbd gummies ingredients dad grass thc gummies weed cbd gummies winged cbd gummies review koi cbd gummies nutricion laughing buddha delta 8 gummies review cbd gummies wholesaler sleep delta 8 gummies absolute hemp cbd infused gummies delta 8 gummies diarrhea

apple cider vinegar gummies how to take how to last longer in unprotected sex movie where son sold ed pills safe male enhancment pills review reaction pill ed how to make my flaccid penis bigger que es keoni cbd gummies k3 spark mineral gummies reviews caverject sex pill cost penis bigger surgery what do male sex pills do show all male enhancement pills the best ed pills for men big red big red male enhancement pills sex pills sold at walmart how to grow your penis in a month or two best ayurvedic male enhancement pills benefits of sex pills red and black sex pill titanium sex pills sex enhancement pills in sri lanka comparing ed pills free sample man pills for grow penis does apple juice make youre penis bigger ed pills and ibuprofen review otc pills for ed gum job oral sex gummies top rated male ed pills how to keep an erection longer with pills sex pills extenze gummies without thc erection pills descrete billing over night male enhancement pills that make you bigger surgery for a bigger penis n you make your penis bigger how to get an erection without pills quora does pineapple make your penis bigger gong f male enhancement sexual pills

natural bigger dick best sex pills reviews pills you can take after sex to prevent pregnancy highest rated otc ed pills what are in sex pills penis pills that actually work foods that increase size of penis is it possible to make dick bigger goli sex gummies maximize male enhancement pill commercial chinese sex pills side effects can anything increase penis size does walmart sell ed pills bona fide pills kelly clarkson cbd gummies how to increase penis size as teenager best otc ed pills 2024 best reviews for penis girth growth pills sexual performance pills walmart kangaroo sexual pills penis ehancnent pills sister sex pill caption how to last longer furing sex spotting after sex birth control pill order vigrx plus male enhancement pills what kind of pills for enlarge penis top sex ed pills for males 2024 how many penis pills a day best male enhancement pills nugenix male enhancement pills consumers daily do male enhancement pills mens sex gummies walmart