Obelisks of Wadjet Hall

Introduction


The obelisks of Hatshepsut originally stood in the Wadjet hall. The southern obelisk has fallen, but its upper section is on display near the sacred lake. The northern obelisk still graces the temple today.
Measurements: The northern obelisk stands 30m high. The southern obelisk (now fallen) would have stood to the same height.

Phases of Construction

Hatshepsut

Hatshepsut raised her obelisks in the Wadjet Hall as part of a larger series of renovations to this area, including the erection of wooden papyri-form pillars and a wooden roof. She commemorates the addition of these obelisks to the temple on her red quartzite bark shrine, the “red chapel.” Inscriptions on these monoliths recorded the celebration of her jubilee festival in her 16th regnal year. The obelisks were covered with small scenes of the queen (depicted as a male pharaoh) making offerings to the gods.

Construction materials: rose granite

About the reconstruction model of Hatshepsut

The obelisks on the model were based on the axial drawings of the hall by Carlotti and Gabolde (2003: fig. 10a-b) and photographs of the standing obelisk at Karnak today.

The four sides of the standing obelisk were photographed at the temple and placed onto the model, respecting their existing orientation. Photographs of two sides of the tip of the southern obelisk (the north and south face) were added to the model as well. They were placed according to the direction each scene faces as the monument is situated at the sacred lake. A line drawing of a third side (the west face) published in Bell (2002: Abb. 3) was traced and reworked to recreate a third side of the monument. The glyphs and granite underlay were adjusted to try and make this area match that of the two photographed sides. The missing lower portion of the obelisk was replaced with a generic rose granite texture.

Thutmose III

Thutmose III erected a new gateway within the hall, enclosing the bases of the obelisks in its stone jambs. To the portions of the obelisks still visible above the gateway, the king added new lines of text alongside those of the queen. It should be noted that a new analysis of the chronology of the Wadjet Hall has hypothesized that the queen may have enclosed the obelisks herself.

Construction materials: limestone

About the reconstruction model of Thutmose III

The new gateway and the appearance of the obelisks after their enclosure was based on the plans and axial drawings of the hall by Carlotti and Gabolde (2003: fig. 11a-b).

Modern Site Photos

Documentation

Carlotti, Jean-François and Luc Gabolde. (2003),Nouvelles données sur la Ouadjyt. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. XI

Bell, Lanny. Beinlich, Horst (2002),Divine kingship and the theology of the obelisk cult in the temples of Thebes. Ägyptologische Tempeltagung : Würzburg, 23.-26. September 1999. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlagvol. 5 , 17-46.

Golvin, Jean-Claude. (1993),Hatchepsout et les obelisques de Karnak. Hatchepsout: femme pharaon. Dijon: Editions Faton

Dondelinger, Edmund. (1977),Der Obelisk : ein Steinmal ägyptischer Weltanschauung. Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt

Habachi, Labib and Charles Van Siclen. (1977),The obelisks of Egypt: skyscrapers of the past. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press

cbd gummies for kids with autism are cbd gummy bears safe for you liver natural cbd gummies for sex vivi cbd gummies delta 8 gummy packaging is just cbd gummies full spectrum cbd gummies pensacola fl best hemp cbd gummies carnival gives woman lifetime cruise ban for packing cbd gummies reviews for regen cbd gummies cbd gummies for sleep and anxiety omaha bioheal cbd gummies amazon prime what does cbd gummie do delta 9 gummies have thc bay park cbd gummies mayim bialik garden of life cbd gummies extra strength how long do thc gummies last in your system thc gummies order online cuanto cuestan las cbd gummies dr oz cbd gummies review highline wellness cbd gummies reviews full spectrum cbd sleep gummies with cbn thc traveling with cbd gummies five cbd gummies cbd gummies are they safe to take best cbd gummies strawberry cbd gummies for anxiety where to buy cbd pharm gummy bears near me what does cbd gummy do activgenix cbd gummies shark tank trident cbd gummies near me cbd gummies with jello amd gelatin mellow fellow delta 8 gummies sour cbd gummy bears

plus cbd reserve gummies platinum cbd gummies 1000mg delta 9 gummies tampa rviews of lifestream cbd gummies cbd gummies for anxiety buy where can i buy thc gummies online 5mg thc gummie orgnic cbd gummies pharma canna review of spectrum cbd gummies shark tank cbd gummies for weight loss sleep delta 8 gummies non thc gummies do thc gummies smell like pot upwellness cbd gummies do cbd gummis make you high green gummy bears cbd are delta 8 gummies stronger than cbd top cbd gummies best cbd male enhancement gummies delta 9 25mg gummies what does cbd infused gummies do for you price of condor cbd gummies regan cbd gummies review is 10mg cbd gummy strong does delta 9 gummies work is 5mg thc gummy too much what are cbd gummies for sleep do performance cbd gummies really work nature one cbd gummies amazon smilz cbd gummies reviews reddit

6 pack keto plus acv gummies reviews for acv keto gummies apple cider vinegar vs apple cider vinegar gummies trisha yearwood keto gummy gut microbiome weight loss gummies emily real housewives weight loss gummies blair walnuts weight loss gummies insulin sensitivity weight loss gummies dangers of keto acv gummies risks of weight loss supplements monster supplements weight loss health smart keto gummies shark tank fiber supplements and weight loss reviews for true form keto gummies vitamin b12 supplements for weight loss do keto life plus gummies work effective apple cider vinegar gummies goli beets gummies keto plus apple cider vinegar gummies is apple cider vinegar gummies good for ibs weight loss supplement men over 40 costco acv keto gummies metabolic solutions keto gummies comprehensive medical weight loss gummies biolyfe keto gummies shark tank cinnamon and green tea supplements for weight loss dr oz recommended supplements for weight loss what is the best nautrual weight loss supplement bbetter garcinia cambogia for weight loss supplement amazon keto acv gummies is keto flo gummies legit meat only diet weight loss gummies rapid weight loss supplements reviews what all natural supplements for weight loss

keto gummies vitamin shoppe best supplements to support weight loss what k3 spark mineral topomax weight loss gummies nutrition weight loss gummies legit weight loss gummies science natural supplements weight loss best loss management supplement weight magnet ring weight loss gummies oprah winfreys weight loss gummies buffalo weight loss gummies via keto gummies chemist warehouse slim shed keto gummies reviews ultimate keto gummies rebel wilson breastfeeding weight loss gummies best fibre supplement for weight loss ntx nutrition keto acv gummies what is in keto flow gummies meal supplement bars weight loss best type of dietary supplement to fight weight loss mark cuban keto gummies keto gummies recommended by oprah are gummy worms keto metabolic labs keto acv gummy keto sour patch gummies is keto blast gummies for real supplements for hormones and weight loss oprahs keto blast gummies

male energy enhancement pills penis enlargement medicine san antonio truth about cbd gummies for ed truth cbd gummies for men cbd gummies natural hemp extract vitamin e pills for penis curve testo male enhancement pills boy sex pills libido gummies that work pillar of bone warhammer big dick penis pills fast acting male enhancement pills near me what happens after you stop taking male enhancement pills unprotected sex with birth control pill regen cbd gummies mens health otc sex pills walmart horse sex pill what are blue sex pills free vitality male enhancement pills are sex pills safe

sex pills with mild hypertension review on progentra male enhancement pills male extra enhancement pills vicerex male enhancement pills adam and eve sex pill sleeping pill homemade sex affirm ed pills 96k rock sex pill can you naturally increase penis size best libido pill for sex reviews male enhancement pills stinging nettle gol powder sex pills sex pills reaction chicas pilladas teniendo sexo en casa new penis enlarging pills from austrailia grownmd cbd gummies male enhancement herbal male enhancement pills that work female sex drive gummies bio lyfe cbd gummies sex what is the number one male enhancement pill will apple juice increase penis size ed pills and enhansment power cbd gummies increase size how to last longer in bedroom no pill