Originally built by Hatshepsut – 1479 BCE to 1458 BCE
Modified by Thutmose III – 1479 BCE to 1425 BCE
Other works initiated by Hatshepsut:Obelisks of Festival Hall West Pair, Palace of Ma’at, 8th Pylon, Amenhotep I Calcite Chapel, Obelisks at Contra Temple, Obelisks of Wadjet Hall, Wadjet Hall, Red Chapel, Pylon and Festival Court of Thutmose II
Other works initiated by Thutmose III:Akhmenu, Contra Temple, Wadjet Hall, 7th Pylon, Thutmose III Shrine, Enclosures and Gates, Sacred Lake, 6th Pylon and Court, 5th Pylon and Court, Obelisks of 7th Pylon, Station of the King and Corridor, Obelisks of Festival Hall Center Pair, Central Bark Shrine, Palace of Ma’at, Obelisks of Wadjet Hall, Pylon and Festival Court of Thutmose II, East Exterior Wall
The obelisks of Hatshepsut originally stood in the Wadjet hall. The southern obelisk has fallen, but its upper section is on display near the sacred lake. The northern obelisk still graces the temple today.
Measurements: The northern obelisk stands 30m high. The southern obelisk (now fallen) would have stood to the same height.
Phases of Construction
Hatshepsut raised her obelisks in the Wadjet Hall as part of a larger series of renovations to this area, including the erection of wooden papyri-form pillars and a wooden roof. She commemorates the addition of these obelisks to the temple on her red quartzite bark shrine, the “red chapel.” Inscriptions on these monoliths recorded the celebration of her jubilee festival in her 16th regnal year. The obelisks were covered with small scenes of the queen (depicted as a male pharaoh) making offerings to the gods.
Construction materials: rose granite
About the reconstruction model of Hatshepsut
The obelisks on the model were based on the axial drawings of the hall by Carlotti and Gabolde (2003: fig. 10a-b) and photographs of the standing obelisk at Karnak today.
The four sides of the standing obelisk were photographed at the temple and placed onto the model, respecting their existing orientation. Photographs of two sides of the tip of the southern obelisk (the north and south face) were added to the model as well. They were placed according to the direction each scene faces as the monument is situated at the sacred lake. A line drawing of a third side (the west face) published in Bell (2002: Abb. 3) was traced and reworked to recreate a third side of the monument. The glyphs and granite underlay were adjusted to try and make this area match that of the two photographed sides. The missing lower portion of the obelisk was replaced with a generic rose granite texture.
Thutmose III erected a new gateway within the hall, enclosing the bases of the obelisks in its stone jambs. To the portions of the obelisks still visible above the gateway, the king added new lines of text alongside those of the queen. It should be noted that a new analysis of the chronology of the Wadjet Hall has hypothesized that the queen may have enclosed the obelisks herself.
Construction materials: limestone
About the reconstruction model of Thutmose III
The new gateway and the appearance of the obelisks after their enclosure was based on the plans and axial drawings of the hall by Carlotti and Gabolde (2003: fig. 11a-b).
Carlotti, Jean-François and Luc Gabolde. (2003),Nouvelles données sur la Ouadjyt. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. XI
Bell, Lanny. Beinlich, Horst (2002),Divine kingship and the theology of the obelisk cult in the temples of Thebes. Ägyptologische Tempeltagung : Würzburg, 23.-26. September 1999. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlagvol. 5 , 17-46.
Golvin, Jean-Claude. (1993),Hatchepsout et les obelisques de Karnak. Hatchepsout: femme pharaon. Dijon: Editions Faton
Dondelinger, Edmund. (1977),Der Obelisk : ein Steinmal ägyptischer Weltanschauung. Graz: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt
Habachi, Labib and Charles Van Siclen. (1977),The obelisks of Egypt: skyscrapers of the past. Cairo: American University in Cairo Press
blue moon hemp cbd gummies how long do cbd gummies work for does cbd gummies interfere with medications cbd gluten free gummies wyld cbd gummies 500mg reviews cbd gummies and lisinopril jolly cbd gummies 20 mg cbd gummies and adderall cbd gummies best value savage cbd gummies 250mg cbd gummies usage cbd gummies relax bears miracle nutritional products cbd gummies rating of miracle cbd gummies hemp bombs cbd gummies ingredients goodlife cbd gummies cbd gummies 120mg qualia cbd gummies royal cbd gummies groupon miracle royal cbd gummies black tie cbd gummies are cbd gummies legal in nebraska cbd gummies ann arbor mi cbd gummies cherry far gummy cbd logo industrial hemp cbd gummies how im make cbd gummy cbd gummies with caffeine
poseidon 10000 male enhancement pills prime time ed pills extreme max pro male enhancement pills list of pills that treat erectile dysfunction male enhancement pills china ohsex is there penis enlargement pills extreme bio sex male enhancement pills euphoric male enhancement pills mrx male enhancement pills penis enlarging pills australia cvs male enhancement pills reviews over the counter pills cause erectile dysfunction mens sex pills online over the counter erection pills at walmart u want penis enlargement pills best affordable ed treatment pills best over the counter sex pills for men buy sex pills online best erection pills for seniors are there any pills that actually grow your penis how to masturbate to grow your penis erectile dysfunction pills for diabetes how to grow your penis granny xxx pills that make your penis harder and bigger how to make your dick bigger when limp erectile dysfunction pills herbal how to make your dick bigger without lube mnf penis pills
truvision weight loss pills best weight loss pills around dr oz green tea weight loss pills jacbean weight loss pills buy phentermine weight loss pills dementia weight loss keto burn pills reviews 6464272584 hydroxyzine weight loss diet pills prescribed by your doctor lose weight too fast safe herbal diet pills sertraline and weight loss pills most effective diet pills prescription slim 5 diet pills can you lose weight on slim fast 1 rated diet pills best way for teenage girl to lose weight fast to lose belly fat which exercises is best weight loss drugs before and after pure life organic keto pills reviews where to purchsse belly fat pills icorice root pills weight loss exercises to lose belly fat fast gnc male weight loss pills shark tank lose belly fat are apple cider pills good for weight loss foods to eat to lose belly fat quickly new weight loss drugs austin tx