Bab El Amara Gate

Related Features

Originally built by Nectanebo I – 380 BCE to 362 BCE

Modified by Ptolemy III – 246 BCE to 221 BCE

Other works initiated by Nectanebo I:

1st Pylon, Contra Temple, Opet Temple, Shoshenq I Court, Enclosures and Gates, Bab el Amara Gate, Other Processional Ways

Other works initiated by Ptolemy III:

Bab el Amara Gate, Opet Temple


The gate is situated within the enclosure wall of Nectanebo I, south of the Khonsu Temple. To the south of the gate stood a sphinx-lined alleyway. The ceiling was decorated with a motif of flying vultures. The interior walls were covered with the hieroglyphic symbols for “all life, prosperity, and health,” a common wish for the pharaoh. A winged sun-disk adorned the center of the gate’s lintel. The north face of the gate is covered with relief scenes of the king interacting with divinities.
Measurements: The gate measures 21m high. The opening is 14.0-14.4m high and 5.6m wide.

Phases of Construction

Nectanebo I

Nectanebo I or his successor Teos planned to front the Khonsu Temple with a new gate and pylon. The king began construction on the flanking pylon towers, 28.2m long each. The project was never finished and the foundations of these towers were left incomplete.

Construction materials: stone

Ptolemy III

Ptolemy III erected a huge stone gateway between the planned pylon towers. The gate was inscribed with texts and relief scenes mentioning the king.

About the reconstruction model of Ptolemy III

The Ptolemy III gate was designed based on the axial drawings of Zignani (2003: fig. 5-9, 16).

Photographs of the gate as it appears at Karnak today were placed on the north exterior and the interior sides of the model. The south side, not photographed, was done with a generic stone pattern.

Unknown Ptolemaic King

Sometime after the addition of the Ptolemy III gate, a mud brick wall was built up against the gate to close off the area between the Nectanebo I enclosure wall and the gate. The planned pylon towers were covered by this new wall.

Construction materials: mud brick

About the reconstruction model of Unknown Ptolemaic King

The model of the incomplete pylon towers and the location of the later mud brick wall over these towers was based on the plans of Laroche-Traunecker (1982: fig. 10) and Lauffray, Sauneron, et al. (1975: fig. 11).

Modern Site Photos


Lauffray, Jean, Serge Sauneron, and Sa’ad Ramadan. (1975),Rapport sur les travaux de Karnak. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. V , 1-42.

Zignani, Pierre. (2003),Observations architecturales sur la porte d’Évergète. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. VI , 711-743.

Laroche-Traunecker, Francoise. (1982),Données nouvelles sur les abords du temple de Khonsou. Cahiers de Karnak. vol. VII , 313-337.

best pill for male enhancement gummies for ed on shark tank iron max male enhancement pills cbd relax gummies what are the cons of penis enlargement pills single use male enhancement pills magnum male enhancement pills review it works skinny gummies best male enhancement pills sold in cvs exuberant male enhancement pills great value gummy worms cbd gummies for sex where to buy thc gummies for male arousal python male enhancement pills reviews molds for gummies what are the benefits of cbd gummies full body cbd gummies website alpha state male enhancement pills top rated free trial penis enlargement pills japanese male enhancement pills

illegal male enhancement pills enhanced male pills regen cbd gummies for erectile dysfunction what cbd gummies are good for pain ashwagandha and maca root gummies condor cbd gummies for erectile dysfunction best male enhancement pill offer you want penis enlargement pills jevil male dick enhancement pills low dose cbd gummies red pill 100mg male enhancement how to use cbd gummies best convenience store male enhancement pills penis enlargement pills australia rlx male enhancement pills reviews pill penis enlargement fat eating gummies prostate flow gummies reviews hemp gummies for ed pain relief gummies for seniors male penis enlargement pill best male sexual enhancement pills penis enlargement pills ebay hot flow male enhancement pills ed gummies amazon over the counter male enhancement pills walgreens

does krogers carry apple cider vinegar gummies keto friendly multivitamin gummy reviews on oprah gummies total effect acv gummies gummies keto reviews life boost keto acv gummies probio slim apple cider vinegar gummies slimming gummies keto weight support diet keto gummies crasher keto gummies trufit keto gummies ingredients gummies ntx keto gummies bioscience keto gummies phone number how do you make slime out of gummy bears new weight loss gummies consumer reports weight loss gummies keto acv gummies oprah blake shelton keto blast gummies purekana weight loss gummies sharktank weight loss gummies where are keto gummies made reviews on tru bio keto gummies fiber well sugar free gummies keto my keto bhb keto gummies keto flo gummies para que sirve bio science acv gummies apple cider vinegar gummies recipes diet gummies for weight loss shark tank royal keto gummies customer reviews slim down gummies fit science apple cider vinegar gummies biolife acv gummies do any of the diet gummies work apple cider vinegar gummies cheap

what store sells keto gummies do keto gummies make you poop weight loss gummies gnc how to make edible slime made out of gummy bears sugar free gummy bear diet shark tank gummy diet oprah keto gummies for weight loss and belly fat acr keto gummies too many acv gummies keto gummies samantha steenwijk where to buy keto luxe gummies x slim keto acv gummies reviews are slimming gummies safe genini keto gummies apple cider vinegar gummies while pregnant trace minerals apple cider vinegar gummies review oprahs gummies keto gummies by kiss my keto via keto gummies side effects apple cider vinegar gummies pakistan keto acv gummies where to buy oprah gummies royal keto gummies shark tank episode acv plus apple cider vinegar gummies go90 keto plus acv gummies ntx keto acv gummies where to buy viaketo keto gummies where to buy great results keto acv gummies purify life acv gummies acv gummies essential elements shark tank slim candy keto gummies active keto gummies shark tank weight loss gummis apple cider gummies for weight loss reviews apple cider vinegar gummies dollar general lifeline acv gummies cbd gummies for weight loss shark tank genesis keto gummies ss reviews vitafusion acv gummies apple cider vinegar gummies yeast infection

purekana cbd gummies and diabetes can you drive taking cbd gummies 3 thc cbd gummies cbd hemp gummies for kids make you tired cbd fx gummies benifits cbd gummies makes you sleppy diamond cbd gummies reddit power cbd gummies increase size gold harvest cbd gummies cbd capsules vs gummies jeff lewis cbd gummies cbd inflammatory gummies cbd gummies tox screen selecting the cbd gummies that are right for you how does cbd gummies help you cbd gummies and tinctures mint cbd gummies full body health maximum strength can you store cbd gummies in fridge stone cbd gummies sellers cbd gummies info cbd gummies to lower sugar cbd gummy reaction cbd and cbc gummies liberty cbd gummy bears ibuprofen and cbd gummies smile cbd gummies quit smoking cbd gummies chemist warehouse cbd gummies for neuropathy pain sunmed cbd gummies full spectrum gold cbd gummy bears cbd gummies tinnitus reviews how often to take 25 mg cbd gummy bears can you get high with cbd gummies cbd edible gummies side effects

what do cbd gummy worms do cbd gummies prices power cbd gummies male enhancement do just cbd gummies get you high where can i buy reagan cbd gummies divinity labs cbd gummies natural hemp extract sara evans cbd gummies super ski cbd gummies hemp labs cbd gummies cost when to use cbd gummies how much is green dolphin cbd gummies cbd gummies for asma zero thic cbd gummies fx cbd gummies melatonin are cbd gummies legal in greece cbd gummies w melatonin does cbd gummies work for diabetes clean cbd gummies hawkeye ss cbd gummies cbd gummy bears colorado where to buy khonsu cbd gummies 25 mg cbd per gummies cbd gummies at work asteroid gummies cbd reviews for fun drops cbd gummies recipe for homemade cbd gummies are cbd gummies legal in alabama reviews of ultra cbd gummies cbd gummies no sugar gummies thc cbd