Western Processional Way

Related Features

Originally built by Shoshenq I – 945 BCE to 924 BCE

Modified by Taharqo – 690 BCE to 664 BCE

Other works initiated by Shoshenq I:

Western Processional Way, Bubastite Portal, Shoshenq I Court

Other works initiated by Taharqo:

Taharqo Kiosk, Taharqo Edifice and Nilometer, Ramesses II Eastern Temple, Khonsu Temple, Western Processional Way

Introduction


Recumbent, ram-headed sphinxes on rectangular pedestals line the western entrance into Karnak temple. Osiride statuettes of Ramesses II stand between the front paws of the sphinxes. At the temple today, forty sphinxes grace the entrance to Pylon I, and fifty-two are contained within the Shoshenq Court. Traces of the original paint still remains on the some of the sphinxes.
Measurements: The pedestals measure 1.35m across by 1.70m deep, with a height of 0.43m. The sphinxes themselves vary between 3.6m-3.8m in length and 1.1m-1.2m in width.

Phases of Construction

Pinedjem

Pinedjem, a “high priest of Amun” at Karnak temple, placed some 100 sphinxes along the 200m processional pathway that stretched from the entrance of the temple of the time (Pylon II) to the temple quay. The sphinxes (originally carved during the reign of Amenhotep III and Thutmose IV) were probably cited at Luxor temple (about 2km south of Karnak) since the 19th Dynasty, where they were moved and usurped by Ramesses II. Pinedjem seems to have shifted the sphinxes from Luxor to Karnak, adding his name to them as well.

Construction materials: sandstone

About the reconstruction model of Pinedjem

Due to the complex nature of modeling statuary, a high resolution sphinx model was purchased from 3D Cad Browser, an image uploaded by Timothy Tokoas in 2002. The sphinx was modified extensively by Itay Zaharoaits in 2008 specifically for the Digital Karnak project. Imagery of the sphinxes taken at Karnak was added to the model to better recreate the appearance of the ancient statue. A simple sandstone pattern was added to the base. This single sphinx statue was duplicated to create the over 100 sphinxes represented on the model.

Shoshenq I

With the construction of his new first court to the temple, the line of sphinxes must have been nearly cut in half. Some remained in the court (their arrangement at this time is unknown), while some were placed before the new western gate to the temple.

Taharqo

During the reign of Taharqo, the addition of a large central kiosk in the Shoshenq I Court may have necessitated the regrouping of the sphinxes along the northern and southern walls of the first court. This is the arrangement of the sphinxes at the temple today.

Roman Era

The sphinxes outside the temple complex were regrouped again in the Roman Period and have remained in this location down to the present time. A space was left between the 7th and 8th sphinxes to give access to the complex of structures south of the quay.

Modern Site Photos

Documentation

Cabrol, Agnès. (2001),Les voies processionnelles de Thèbes. Orientalia Lovaniensia analecta. Leuven: Peeters, 97, xxxviii, 853 p..

Lauffray, Jean. (1971),Abords occidentaux du premier pylône de karnak, le dromos, la tribune et les aménagements portuaires. Kêmi: revue de philologie et d’archéologie égyptiennes et coptes. vol. 21 , 77-144.

Murnane, William. (1979),The Bark of Amun on the Third Pylon at Karnak. Journal of the American Research Center in Egypt. vol. 16 , 11-27.

mams e hijo eyaculan sexo pillados camara xnxx did shark tank invest in a male enhancement pill shark tank cbd gummies ed erection pills for men fat acting street fighter sex pills male enhancement pills side effects enlargement pills pills that help stop erection do the cbd gummies work for ed pills to increase sex drive male philippines the truth about how to get a bigger penis the best ed pill on the market legit penis pills cbd gummies for sex and size adams secret 1500 male enhancement pills 10pk canna organic cbd gummies the best otc ed pills mexican doctor penis pills rhino male enhancement pills walmart if yhu 19 can ou take penis pills male enhancement pills ron jeremy rail male enhancement pills power cbd gummies for ed hard sex pill bam male enhancement pills reviews pills to take before sex to last longer erectile dysfunction pills walmart

medic sex pills how to bigger penis size it clown penis enhancement pills ashwagandha does it increase penis size how to keep penis hard without pills pills to avoid hiv after sex triple power 2024 male enhancement pills mixing erection shots and pills do over the counter male enhancement pills work sex pills raid in georgia how to last longer during anal sex how to get a big penis without pills sex during pill abortion make penis look bigger sexual enhancement pills nitro2go penis pills make your penis bigger clint eastwood sex pill what sex pills actually work yahoo answers how to make your man dick bigger regen gummies for erectile dysfunction unprotected sex pills after how to make ur dick grow bigger ed hims pills pill to make dick bigger black sex pill how to grow your penis with just your hand how to make your penis grow natural hard ten days male enhancement pills buy cbd gummies for ed near me bully pills fo sex penis pills uk benefits from apple cider vinegar gummies

happy face cbd gummies 100 cbd gummies no thc fun drops cbd broad spectrum gummies can cbd gummies help sex drive cbd anxiety gummy bears cbd gummies and alcohol do walgreens sell cbd gummies bioheal cbd gummies on shark tank how long does a 10mg cbd gummy last truth cbd gummis cbd gummies 30 mg for sleepany side effects cbd gummy for back pain cbd gummy affect time 10 mg thc gummies near me urbul vegan hemp cbd gummies pm with melatonin best cbd gummies for anxiety without thc cbd gummies for sleep with melatonin are cbd gummies as effective as oil smart cbd gummies price healing hemp cbd ed gummies cbd gummies for men where to buy thc gummy machine kore organic cbd gummies pure cannaceuticals cbd gummies is cbd gummies good for knee pain is cbd tincture better than gummies delta 8 gummies legal in georgia 20mg cbd 1mg thc gummies

how to make full spectrum cbd gummies cbd natural bliss gummies bliss bitz cbd gummies reviews cbd gummies clean blood vessels dog cbd gummies petsmart what is the amount of cbd in chill gummies 100mg cbd gummies pineapple where can i find cbd gummies near me activgenix pure cbd gummies reviews does thc gummies help with arthritis cbd gummied nesr me natural bliss cbd gummies for ed amazon true value cbd gummies cbd gummies and benadryl is 10mg cbd in a gummy enough best cbd delta 8 gummies camino cbd infused gummies five gummies cbd energize cbd gummies lofi cbd gummies review better to take cbd gummies day or night cbd gummies sanjay gupta cbd oil gummies palmdale ca rise cbd gummies wyld cbd gummies blackberry how much thc is in 100mg gummies where to buy cbd gummies nyc cbd pineapple and coconut gummies plus jamie richardson cbd gummies shark tank is 25 mg cbd gummies strong cbd gummies cape coral fl is cbd gummies good for anxiety cbd hemp direct gummies will cbd gummies increase heart rate full spectrum cbd gummies for anxiety cbd gummies steve harvey

gladys knight weight loss gummies xenadrine ultimate weight loss supplement best potassium supplement for weight loss good keto keto acv gummies can calcium supplements cause weight loss ariana grande on weight loss gummies bulletproof weight loss supplements weight loss supplements before surgery power acv keto gummies diet soda weight loss gummies weight loss liquid supplement dr jen weight loss gummies biologic trim keto gummies review how much green tea supplements for weight loss what does taking apple cider vinegar gummies do does proton keto acv gummies work via keto apple gummies uk ricegum keto gummies how many goli apple cider vinegar gummies should i take solgar apple cider vinegar gummies weight loss supplement garcinia cambogia xtreme change keto gummies

emphysema weight loss gummies hormones affecting weight loss gummies belly weight loss supplements medical marijuana gummies for weight loss simplii acv keto gummies apple cider vinegar gummies para que sirve trimtech keto gummies acv for health keto gummies shark tank effective weight loss supplement review goli gummies and keto how many keto gummies per day to lose weight weight loss supplements manufacturing royal keto gummys tropiketo keto gummies xcel advanced bee pollen weight loss supplement lean valley keto gummy bacillus subtilis supplement for weight loss dietary supplement for energy and weight loss do vitamin supplements help weight loss acv for health keto acv gummies review apple cider vinegar gummies safe natural weight loss supplements 40 thiamine weight loss gummies safe weight loss supplements while breastfeeding